Side effects and risks-
A few other side effects are possible with anal sex. These include:
Spreading STIs. Infections and diseases that are shared during sexual intercourse — such as HIV, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and herpes — can be shared through anal sex. In fact, anal sex is the riskiestTrusted Source sexual behavior for transmitting and getting HIV for both men and women. People on the receiving end (or “the bottom”) of anal sex are 13 timesTrusted Source more likely to become infected with HIV than the inserting partner (or “the top”).
Hemorrhoids. Stretching and pushing from anal sex can irritate existing hemorrhoids, but it’s unlikely to cause the dilated and stretched blood vessels inside the rectum and anus.
Colon perforation. This is very uncommon, but it’s possible that anal penetration can puncture a hole in your colon. Surgical repair is necessary, so if you experience heavy rectal bleeding and abdominal pain following anal sex, see your doctor.
Thanks to all
Essentially, the key things you need to stay safe are condoms and lots of lube! These will prevent the transmission of STIs. The anus isn’t self-lubricating, and the skin is thin so there is a likelihood of small tears occurring. So, stay relaxed, your anal muscles are strong. Lots of communication is necessary with your partner to keep everyone comfortable.
Thanks @sextronaut, those are great points & useful links!
There is absolutely no reason people need to fear anal sex. It’s not for everyone, but it can be perfectly safe. STIs aren’t a spontaneous result of sex. One person has to have the infection first in order to pass it on to someone else. If both people get tested first, you can rule that out as a risk. Condoms & PrEP or both are also effective strategies to avoid STIs & HIV.
Damage to the anus & rectum are also avoidable. Lube is a MUST for safe anal penetration. Go gently & be guided by your or your partners body. If something doesn’t feel good, that’s your body’s message to slow down or stop. The most common reason for anal bleeding is haemorrhoids, which can happen to anyone! But yes, if you ever experience bleeding, that is a sign to check in with a doctor.
Anal sex is not new & it’s an important part of millions of people’s sex life. It’s normal & healthy for those who enjoy it. If it’s not for you, that’s normal & healthy too. We all get to decide what kind of sex is right for us 🙂